What Are Some Examples of Traumatic Brain Injuries?

Traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs, range from mild concussions to damage causing permanent impairment. The part of the brain most affected by the injury determines the severity and prognosis.  

Primary brain injury refers to the damage at the time of impact. Secondary brain injury involves the changes the brain undergoes in the aftermath. These can be chemical, blood vessels, or other changes in the brain contributing to tissue destruction.  

A TBI turns life upside down. Victims are looking at months or years of medical treatment and rehabilitative therapy. Many will never fully recover and cannot work or live independently again. If another party caused a TBI, a Los Angeles traumatic brain injury lawyer at Ellis Injury Law can help you receive the maximum compensation for your injury.   

Penetrating or closed TBIs 

TBIs fall into the category of penetrating or closed. The former refers to the penetration of the dura, the thick membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Gunshots or projectiles hitting the head at high velocity can cause penetrating TBIs. 

Closed TBIs are far more common than penetrating injuries. Closed TBIs make up injuries in which the dura stays intact. Most people recover from a mild concussion within a matter of weeks. Moderate and severe closed TBIs take much longer to heal and many victims do not recover completely.   

Diffuse axonal injury 

Diffuse axonal injury does not usually occur because of a direct blow to the head. Instead, it generally results from rapid and violent deceleration or acceleration of the head, such as may happen in a car crash. The brain quickly shifts within the skull. Axons, the long “cables” connecting neurons within the brain, are sheared. 

Victims typically lose consciousness for several hours, at least.  A severe injury is often fatal. Those with mild to moderate diffuse axonal injuries may recover, although intensive rehabilitation is necessary.  


When the head hits a solid object, the coup takes place at the site of impact. The contrecoup occurs on the side opposite from where the blow took place.  Both injuries bruise certain parts of the brain, rather than covering a wide swath.  

Motor vehicle accidents, assaults, falls and sports injuries are the most common causes of these TBIs. These injuries may result in: 

  • Balance problems  
  • Cognition impairment 
  • Memory loss 
  • Swallowing difficulties 
  • Paralysis 

Intracranial hematomas  

Blood vessels rupturing within the brain cause intracranial hematomas. There are various types of hematomas, including: 

  • Intracerebral –a blood vessel rupture within the brain itself 
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage – bleeding into the brain’s ventricles  
  • Subdural –bleeding between the dura and the brain.  

Intracranial hematomas may require surgery. In some cases, that means removing part of the skull to release blood.  

traumatic brain injury attorney will investigate your case thoroughly to determine which entities may prove liable for your injuries.  We know a fair settlement amount for your injuries based on your short-and-long-term care needs. While most cases are settled, we will litigate if the insurance company does not agree to a reasonable amount of compensation.  

Contact a Los Angeles traumatic brain injury lawyer  

If you or a loved suffered a TBI because of someone else’s negligence, you need the services of the experienced Los Angeles accident lawyers at Ellis Injury Law. To schedule a free consultation, just complete our online form or call or text us 24/7.   

Our dedicated attorneys have recovered more than $350 million in settlements and verdicts for injured clients. You pay no fee unless we win, as we work on a contingency basis.